One can never predict the future as life has its own way of unfolding. Therefor to provide protection for yourself, family, investment and business, an insurance policy is needed. Insurance is a way of managing risks and having a safety net if the unexpected happens.
Disaster could happen in any form, car breaks down, roof leaks, a major home fire, an automobile accident that leads to a legal action and someone in the family becomes ill.
When an insurance policy is purchased, you transfer the cost of a potential loss to the insurance company in exchange for a fee, known as the premium. There are certain rights and protections you have under the law.
At different stages of your life, you will have different insurance needs, so it is recommended to review your policies at least once a year to make sure you have the best policy to fit your lifestyle.
Having insurance helps you with:
· Owning a home, because mortgage lenders need to know your home is protected
· Driving vehicles, because few people could afford the repairs, health care costs and legal expenses associated with collisions and injuries without coverage
· Maintaining your current standard of living if you become disabled or have a critical illness
· Covering health care costs like prescription drugs, dental care, vision care and other health-related items
· Providing for your family in the event of a death
· Running a small business or family farm by managing the risks of ownership
· Taking vacations without worrying about flight cancellations or other potential issues
It’s always good to take the best course of action and be prepared for the worst. Taking out the right insurance policy will go a long way towards helping you safeguard your earning power and your possessions. There are endless types of insurance, from policies that protect airplanes to those that cover websites. But there four that are most important for individuals and families – Life insurance, motor insurance, homeowners insurance and health insurance.
When taking out any type of insurance, take the time to review the policies to ensure to covers your needs, as a little knowledge can make a big difference when it comes to buying the right insurance protection.
It is compulsory to have motor insurance in Nigeria in order to have a motor vehicle on the road. Many drivers choose to take out third party insurance as it is cheaper than the comprehensive but don’t realize it does not cover their own car. Drivers in Nigeria also only take out third party insurance as they see it as one of the vehicle documentations they have to carry about to prove their ownership of their vehicle.
Third party insurance - the first party is you, the second party is the insurance company and the third party is everyone else. With third party insurance you cannot claim for the car you are driving regardless of whether it is a brand new car, to have your car protected it is recommended to get the comprehensive cover for it.
There are a few things you should know about third party insurance:
· If you are responsible for a crash – you maybe be responsible for paying to repair another vehicle or covering its driver’s medical costs. Third party liability coverage protects you against these claims, covering the cost of damage and injuries sustained in a crash in which you were at fault.
· The money to pay for damages comes from the premiums. If premium has not been paid for a third party motor insurance, there won’t be any compensation whatsoever, in case of accident.
· If you go for a third auto party insurance from a registered insurance company, you will be able to save yourself of the cost associated with causing damage to others.
· If the insurer thinks you are not acting ‘in good faith’, they will refuse to pay that claim, cancel your insurance, report you to the police for fraud and put you on a blacklist.
· Claim you can make on an auto insurance policy is limited - find out the limit to the loss the insurance policy covers before taking out the insurance.
Where many drivers think it’s best to get third party insurance, it is in fact better to have comprehensive insurance as it covers everyone involved in an accident.
Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa, with approximately double the population of both Ethiopia and Egypt, and for the Nigerian education system this means incredible new demands that the government is currently hard pressed to meet. The number of students has grown from under 15,000 in 1970 to approximately 1.2 million today.
With education becoming an important part of a child’s future and expenses for education rising, it is only natural for parents to want to secure their children’s future, which is why education insurance is the way. Education insurance, Eduplan as many call it, gives a child or children the security they need in any unforeseen event.
Why have Education Protection?
Having education insurance means the provider of the family can ensure that the education of his dependants is not unduly terminated because of an unexpected event. Many plans also provide a medical expense cover for the child for injuries sustained whilst engaged in school related activities on the school premises. Parents like to choose the right plan for their children, each plan and its cover is carefully designed to suit individual needs, such as:
· Policy designed solely to child for a child’s Education
· School fees paid directly to the school until the completion of the child’s education
· Single premium
· Fixed sum assured
· Fixed premium
· Guaranteed payment of fees and other educational requirements
· Medical cover
· The premium is tax deductible
· The benefit is tax free
· Instalment premium payment allowed
When choosing an education plan it is important to know exactly what a child will need if anything was to happen to the family provider.
In Nigeria it is compulsory for all businesses to have Employer’s Liability Insurance, to protect the employee. There are many other optional insurance products available to Nigerian businesses to help protect them against financial turmoil as well as natural disasters. Below we have compiled a list of insurance products we recommend businesses to have.
Like homes, businesses premises need to be protected from the inevitable – burglary, fire or flood damage. We recommend this for anyone with valuable physical stock and perishable goods. A fire and other perils insurance normally covers the following:
The items to be insured are usually made up of the following:
Professional indemnity, or PI insurance, gives professional businesses protection against claims made by their clients, for any damage caused by professional negligence. This form of policy is recommended to professionals such as engineers, architects, doctors and pharmacists.
We hate to think about it, but what would happen to your business if one of your key staff were to die? This is an insurance cover purchased on the life of a key person within the organisation to protect the company against loss of profit or cost of replacing the key person in the event of demise.
Group Life Assurance is an insurance that covers a group of people, usually they are members of a society, employees of a common employer, or professionals in a common group. Group Life Assurance pays out a lump sum death benefit to the employees’ family or next of kin should that individual die whilst employed by the organisation.
· There must be a group of people to be insured which should have something in common other than the purpose of obtaining insurance
· There must be a Master Policy Holder who will retain the contract on the behalf of the member and the carriers
· Such covers are typically available at a discount to the respective individual rates
Group Life Assurance remains in force until your employment is terminated or until the specific term of coverage ends. There is also an option of converting your group coverage to an individual policy if you leave your employer. Many employees choose not to do this as conversion premiums tend to be much higher than premiums for comparable policies available to individuals.
Benefits for employers - A more competitive and attractive benefits package helps recruit and keep the right staff. Premiums will normally qualify for tax relief depending on scheme choices, including Excepted Group Life policies, also known as relevant life policies. Usually costs less than 1% of payroll depending on the level of cover.
Benefits for employees - Peace of mind for them and their loved ones. Lump sum and dependants' pension benefits can be paid without waiting for probate and free of inheritance tax. This valuable cover is not classed as a benefit in kind.
Group Life Assurance is one of the many employee benefits available for employers to offer their staff. Other benefits include pension schemes, group income protection schemes providing a replacement income if an employee is off work long term and group medical insurance plans.
The following additional but optional benefits can be taken out: